Insights and Healing with Patrick Moore

What Is Healing Energy?

Healing Energy Appears to Flow Like Water

The Reiki tradition, at least as it has come to the States, tells that the Reiki Practitioner is not the “source” of the energy but “a channel.” This tradition states that the energy comes from the Universe, down into the top of the practitioner’s head or crown chakra, and the practitioner steers the energy out through her hands. This model is much like water flow: Firemen show up at a house fire, hook the hose up to the local hydrant. The role of the fireman is not to generate water from within himself, but to steer water that comes from a source outside himself. How accurate is this model? How helpful is this model? I will say the model brings up more questions than it answers. Given our culture’s current trend of mythbusting, and explaining away superstitions, the fire hose model of Reiki may repel more people, at this time, than it attracts. I say this, as a person who practices healing energy with recipients on my massage table, and who teaches Reiki certification processes. I readily admit the way it is traditionally taught, has some holes. I do not know if I can explain it perfectly myself, but I will offer a couple ideas I think are more plausible and useful for today’s climate. Let’s not be anachronistic, however; debunking a myth for today’s thinkers, does not mean that model did not have great meaning, purpose and even accuracy at the time it was first told.

While healing energy appears to flow from one place to another, or from one person to another, this is:

a) True, but simply an effect, like cooling is an effect of evaporation,
b) More of an illusion,
c) Actual, but only one option of many, or
d) other.

(.. You choose).

What IS Healing Energy?

I am not knowledgeable enough to tell you the nature of healing energy, the essence of it, the substance of it. I can’t even tell you with certainty whether it IS a substance or a process. Not knowing it’s true nature, however, does not prevent me from using energy for healing. Since I am using energy for healing effects, I feel it is enough for me to know energy by its effects.

That said, I will make some guesses about what healing energy IS.

Effects of Healing Energy

I will list some effects, first those that are reported most frequently, and later in the list things that are occasionally reported. I will say before you read the list that none of these effects has been validated by mainstream medicine or science.

  1. Recipient feels warmth, cozy, peaceful, taken-care-of, nurtured.
  2. Recipient somehow feels more resolved regarding his conflicts, issues, and problems, mental, emotional, spiritual, relationship and other… energy seems to have effects with intangibles, things that were not really measurable or scan-able anyway.
  3. Recipient feels like a better version of himself–he is more compassionate to others, less judging and so forth.
  4. Recipient feels more resolved with physical, physiological body symptoms. For example aches and pains, flexibility and functions like sleeping better, less anxiety and so forth. Subjective complaints.
  5. Objective, confirmed maladies are no longer present, but nobody thinks a miracle has occurred. The explanation for the thing no longer being present is, a) the tests were misread the first time, b) the scans were swapped accidentally, c) a different doctor looked and diagnosed it differently, d) miscommunications, e) misunderstandings and so forth. The new situation is: The disease never was there. When we thought there was a disease present, we were mistaken.
  6. Objective, confirmed diseases disappear. Masses are no longer present, from one accurate scan to another. Nobody attempts to explain the discrepancy. The response is generally surprise, then people go about their business.

My personal experiences as a Reiki practitioner range in zones 1-5 so far, and I have heard stories about #6.

What Could Healing Energy Be?

While I am very curious where, why and how the energy does what it does, I do my speculating while I am off-duty. While I am standing there beside a massage table with my hands hovering over a person’s body, my awareness is focused upon feeling this person’s energy and using my hands to assist the energy into a more favorable natural healthy serving configuration. If the person is having effects like 1-6, does the how and what, really matter so much? Some will answer, yes, it matters a lot! I read one famous healer, whose name everyone knows, was accused of using demonic assistance for his healing, which he found ridiculous. Why would demons heal, he asked his accusers, I imagine with a wry smile. Still, since many wonder where and how, and I am curious too, let’s ponder a bit.

From what I’ve read and heard, healing energy could be one, or all of the below, or other things I have not thought of:

  • Electromagnetic energy of a sort that simply has not been measured using current instrumentation… yet. Theoretically measurable, and the instrument for measuring it or providing it may be right around the corner. Some claim to have already found such instruments. Perhaps scientists should be working to study this so it can be better known.
  • A substance that is ethereal, spiritual stuff. This stuff can influence solid matter and measurable energy, but cannot be influenced by them so it is superior-to, or higher-than the stuff that scientists study. Has liquid-like properties that it can flow from here to there.
  • The placebo effect or hypnotic suggestion.
  • Not a substance, but a process sort of like sound is a process rather than something that exists.
  • A substance that is smaller than the smallest known subatomic particle. Whatever subatomic particles are made of, that stuff is made of something else, that is made of something else, until a basic non-reducible level is reached. Perhaps there are three levels, or many levels. Each of these levels would be quite influential upon matter and energy, especially the most basic level. Anything more basic than subatomic particles is beyond the ability of a human mind to explain adequately.
  • A personal power. Thinking of energy flow would simply be a focus of attention that symbolically directs one’s intention and visualization so that effects occur, due to one’s personal power.
  • A higher power. Thinking of energy flow would simply be a focus of attention that, like prayer, attracts the attention of powers higher than, and outside an individual person, like angels, a living organism that is the Universe, or higher. The effect then comes from the power of the angel or higher, which would be beyond individuals to explain adequately.

My personal view is that all of the above are on the table. Perhaps each of these things may be enlisted for assisting people to heal, grow, develop and become more natural. Perhaps different of these things are enlisted at different times. There may be a dozen more ways human health can be influenced for the better, that nobody has yet written about in 2018, that we’ll know a hundred years from now. I think I am not in a position, with my finite brain, to know which of these is the most accurate at any moment.

Healing Energy is Maximized When…

…when the practitioner is coming from the right place.

There are many styles, methods and techniques for directing healing energy from chakra balancing, aura cleansing, acupuncture, tai-chi, chi-gung, Reiki, shamanism, animal helpers, chanting, singing hymns, dancing & running, to angels, prayer and laying-on-hands. Some intangible healing techniques may be more effective than others. Even so, I have always stood by the following dictum that I’ve told many classes of many types:

A person using a poor technique, who is coming from the right place, will have far better effects than a person using great technique, who is coming from a different place.

What would be the right place? Here is a photo taken at the Reiki Master/Teacher training I assisted with in 2014, in Prescott Arizona with my teacher Stephen Bruno, that responds to the question.


The biggest hindrance to healing is judgment. Even the ways we think about “diagnosis” can be judgmental. We need to be very careful about judgment in many forms, if we aim to assist with healing, growth and development.

While we are truly caring for, and wanting to serve another person, we gain tremendous influence for that span of time. This loving-kindness is the most reliable and most effective approach with energy.

How is Energy Influenced or Directed?

Once one is coming from the right place, two things are most important: one’s intention for the energy and practice.

One’s intention may be quite specific for example a particular complaint or ailment. One’s intention may be very broad, for example, the person’s ultimate natural development during their natural body life, or the improvement of relationships for this person going forward. A specific intention may conflict with a general intention: for example, learning from an ailment may provide more growth than removing the ailment.

Practice includes using one’s hands to feel variations in energy surrounding a person’s body. One hand hovers at some distance above the body and scans for differences. This must be practiced with many people, with feedback from the person about accuracy, and treating some people multiple times. As with any skill, practice is very important and the more the better!

It is not enough to simply attend a Reiki workshop. You must practice many many times in order to be effective in assisting people to heal, grow spiritually and develop naturally with energy.

Following Stephen Bruno’s example, I offer that students may re-attend any workshop they’ve already attended with me, for no charge (space permitting, unless the host organization takes a fee in which case it will be a small fee to the repeating student). One past student re-attended one of my classes six times and said she got something new each time, both because I teach differently each time and because she noticed more, the more she lived and practiced. Like Stephen I place a high expectation upon Reiki Master-Teachers and I also offer them far more support ongoing, until they are teaching their own Reiki students self-sufficiently. Part of my support is sort of a coach encouraging them to practice practice practice, as any coach does. I allow my Reiki Master/Teacher students to attend my other Reiki classes as student-teachers, to teach a small portion of the class and to give the attunements, both of which are great practice they couldn’t get on their own.

Feel free to comment below or ask questions!

Upcoming Reiki Certification Classes with Patrick Moore LMT BA

To register, or if you have questions, please use this contact form.

July 2018

Saturday, July 28, 2018, 9:00 a.m.
Reiki Level One (Shoden) Reiki Practitioner I
Reiki (lecture, hands-on, attunement)
5 Live Hours $150.00. Special: Reiki I and II on consecutive days, 25% discount (was $400, now $300)

Sunday, July 29, 2018, 9:00 a.m.
Reiki Level Two (Okuden) Reiki Practitioner II
Reiki (lecture, hands-on, hands-above, attunement)
6 Live Hours $250.00. Special: Reiki I and II on consecutive days, 25% discount (was $400, now $300)

2018-02-28 Oro Valley Snow (23)

Snow in Arizona? Reiki Certification Classes Location: Patrick Moore Home office, Tucson Arizona, 85704 (near Oracle and Ina). 

September 2018

Saturday, September 29, 2018, 9:00 a.m.
Reiki Level One (Shoden) Reiki Practitioner I
Reiki (lecture, hands-on, attunement)
5 Live Hours $150.00. Special: Reiki I and II on consecutive days, 25% discount (was $400, now $300)

Sunday, September 30, 2018, 9:00 a.m.
Reiki Level Two (Okuden) Reiki Practitioner II
Reiki (lecture, hands-on, hands-above, attunement)
6 Live Hours $250.00. Special: Reiki I and II on consecutive days, 25% discount (was $400, now $300)

October 2018

Saturday and Sunday, October 27 & 28
Reiki Level Three (Shinpen or Shinpiden) Reiki Master PLUS Reiki Teacher Skills – How to Maximize Your Reiki Students’ Confidence and Effectiveness (Teacher Training)
Reiki + Teacher Training (lecture, hands-above, attunement, discussion)
6 + 6 = 12 Live Hours $600.00



Sunday Discovery Workshops

balance DSC_6715

 .. it is important to stay balanced … My wife Traci on her first fallen-log-creek-crossing

Sunday Workshop Series for Personal Discovery 

Upcoming workshop titles for everyone include:

  • Sociodrama
  • Life Lessons from Literature
  • Haiku in Nature
  • Writers Nonjudgmental Critique Group
  • Embracing Your Essence using the Seven Things
  • Exercising Your Intuition and Meeting Your Muse
  • Compassion–the Essence of Buddhism without the Rigmarole–Tong Len, Exchanging Self and Other and Beyond

Dates and times are always forming based on interest and in tune with synchronicity.

Please use the contact form at the bottom if you have questions or suggestions for a workshop including dates.

If you would like to sign up for my Personal Discovery Workshops Newsletter, please use this link:

  • Location: Patrick Moore Home Office near Tohono Chul Park, near Oracle Road and Ina, NW Tucson, AZ 85704. A small guest-house off the main house, with parking for ten people (photo at bottom).
  • Register by contacting Patrick (scroll down to use contact form at bottom)
  • Class size: 1-10 students.
  • Workshop Style: new information, nonjudgmental, safe environment to challenge yourself to be more than you have been. Solidifies your relationship with your essence through developing compassion, curiosity and other qualities. All workshops are mostly improvised to respond to the unique needs of those present that day.

The titles below are workshops I have taught for years to therapists for their continuing education, that I also allow non-therapists to attend. 

Equal-Power Partnerships at Work and Home

When I was young my Dad always told me, for any two people, one will be dominant. He believed this was true in work (he was a construction worker) and in relationships with women. As an adult I have learned differently. In this workshop we explore how we can be equal with others. This is helpful both for those times we overexert our power and underexert. A relationship with two equals is best described as a partnership. The workshop is improvised to respond to those present, to be relevant for your current interests and needs.


Reiki Level One (Shoden) Reiki Practitioner I

Reiki (lecture, hands-on, attunement)

Reiki is a method that activates, or gives you a shortcut, to directing energy–or, the stuff our universe is made of. Reiki is a compassionate method for healing, resolving, embracing and transforming issues and ailments. Reiki is equally effective for oneself, to empower goals, to finesse problems, to learn new skills, resume arrested development, for personal discovery and spiritual growth.

Reiki Level Two (Okuden) Reiki Practitioner II

Reiki (lecture, hands-on, hands-above, attunement)

Includes instructions how to direct energy (or, the stuff our universe is made of) in the past, future and incrementally over any span of time. For those, like me, interested in the fabric of the universe, this is the fun part!

Responding, Not Reacting – Being Nonjudgmental with Others and Yourself

Nobody is perfect. We all react. Still, we may learn to redirect our reactions quickly, so that we don’t blast others, behave impulsively and suffer unnecessary consequences. This is what Mr. Rogers was talking about in his video to congress when he tells the lyrics to a song for children about restraining one’s reactions. What can we do instead of reacting? Responding! The alternatives to reacting may include: humor (non-sarcastic), play, funny gestures, expressions, vocalizations or movements, loving, nurturing, improvising, creativity, sharing, vulnerability, patience, presence and compassion. In this workshop we will practice with partners and discuss relevant scenarios, in a fun way.


Holistic Healing – a Model of Body & Mind as attributes of Essence

Most of us know someone, or perhaps ourselves, who has faced an illness or behavior that threatens losses of functions, abilities, relationships or life itself. Facing such a harsh scene, many people suddenly question the meaning of life. Who are we? Why am I here? And this can be a good thing, if we engage these questions with curiosity, because the answers are often enlightening, fulfilling and empowering. Each person’s true essence is fully capable, and willing to embrace any challenge this world (or this body) throws at us. In this workshop we discuss life, death and health in a fun, fascinating light.

Expectations – Theirs and Yours

What an enlightening topic: to understand how many of our conflicts in life arise from unmet expectations. We drive ourselves crazy when we expect things of others they do not do, when we expect things of ourselves we do not do, and when others expect things of us we do not want to do! What’s the cure? It doesn’t take long to begin adjusting our expectations to be more realistic, and to begin negotiating kindly with others regarding their expectations of us.


Melting Muscles Basic – Prone (hands-on-body, back massage, clothed)

I have taught this method to about a thousand therapists, and a few dozen non-therapists. It is easy to learn and seems like magic when you feel a muscle melting under your hand. You will be receiving as much muscle-melting as you give. You will learn to relax about 15 muscles on the back of the body. Massage tables are provided. Wear sweats, pajamas or yoga clothing as we will be working through clothing (no jeans).

Clothed Massage Relaxes Muscles Better

In this workshop we do some hands-on-body “melting muscles” through clothing, with the recipient face-up on massage tables. We also discuss how and why muscles relax better when the recipient is clothed. If you be interested in starting a clothed-massage clinic, on the model of a network-chiropractic clinic, then this workshop is for you. If you are simply curious about how muscles feel safe and relax, and want to give and receive some nurturing treatment, this workshop is also for you..

Activating Your Intuition  (partner exercises and discussion)

Intuition is not magical, it is simply enhanced perception. This workshop is less about how intuition works, and more about practicing and improving our skills. Since intuition is natural, we don’t have to learn how to do it, only to recall how to do it. Once we are doing it we practice turning it off again, so that we become clearer about how to activate and deactivate intuition. Fun exercises including games, followed by discussion.

How Energy Draws Clients to your Business

Does your job rely at all on people being satisfied by what you do? Are you an artist, writer or musician? Did you know that your energy has a lot to do with how others will respond to your services and offerings? This workshop discusses the ways energy (or, the stuff this universe is made of) influences others and ourselves, and how we influence energy with our thoughts, interpretations and behaviors.

Exercising Naturally – how Oxygen Decreases Muscle Soreness, Improves Health & Mood

We start the day with a one-hour walk (or longer depending on participants) during which we begin to discuss how and why exercise benefits us so much. The emphasis is on creating a healthy relationship with exercise, that develops and grows more friendly over a lifetime.


The Philosophy of Ethics from Plato to Spinoza  

A fun way for professionals to get their “professional ethics” hours.

Also a fun way to learn about the history of ethics. Why think of others? Why not just take every advantage you can? Learn how Plato, Boethius and others answered these questions and see if their answers make any sense to you. While we are at it, we may learn “how to make life worth living.”

Breathing Naturally – from Deliberate Exhalation to Zen Meditation

Somehow, humans have forgotten the natural way to breathe that we did as children. Because we avoid exhaling, our blood becomes more acidic, we age faster, are more grumpy and sore. First we learn to deliberately exhale a little more, then we learn how to breathe more and more naturally, without controlling. You will also learn how gas exchanges at the lungs and how oxygen is transported throughout your body. With more oxygen you will be more alert, calmer, clearer, with more energy, vitality and endurance.


Muscle Guarding as Communication – Learning the Nonverbal Language of Muscles —  The Muscle Whisperer Class

Have you seen the movie, The Horse Whisperer? Have you seen The Truth about Cats & Dogs? How would you like to understand the language of human muscles? How would you like to talk directly with the subconscious, so that you can figure out why it is making the muscles achey, tight & sore? What if you could speak to the muscles in their own language, so they would agree to relax and play nice?

Reiki Level Three (Shinpiden or Shinpiden) Reiki Master PLUS Reiki Teacher Skills – How to Maximize Your Reiki Students’ Confidence and Effectiveness (Teacher Training)





The above are titles I have been teaching to therapists for years, that I allow non-therapists to also attend.

Is there a topic you would like to learn more about? Please let me know in the contact form below. In another post I will list a dozen more ideas I have for new workshops that interest me.

Warmly, Patrick


Patrick’s Home Office



Liberal or Conservative — Are you a Be-er or a Become-er?
March 31, 2016, 12:05 pm
Filed under: Education, essence, Plato and Platonism

In the last twenty years I have had a burst of reading. I am simply thirsty for knowledge and I read as widely as possible, fiction and nonfiction, old and new, spiritual and secular, from classics like Plato to current debates in education philosophy. I was surprised to read that philosophers, educators and political writers now equate Plato with a conservative position. Wait — Plato is a conservative?



The surprising statement comes from professors who write for education journals, the (free online) Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy and for deep-analysis magazines like The American Interest. These scholars agree, Liberal means tolerance for diverse thinking with a faith that progress results in open-minded inquiry—not progress toward any known or knowable best state, but random, undirected improvement, always improving in uncharted ways. Conservative means holding steadfast to timeless values—the goal is known in advance and has already been charted long ago.


Plato wrote and taught before this debate between liberalism and conservatism began.


Plato’s big idea was that, behind the appearances we see with our eyes, there exist “essences of things.” The essences are perceivable but not with the five senses, at least not directly. People have essences. Tables and horses have essences. And virtues have essences. There is an essence of you, of me, and of Patience. Plato wrote that essences are timeless and do not change. Patience is not something that progresses. it is now, what it always was and always will be.


I doubt if Plato intended to take a political stance with his model of essences. But if you talk about Plato’s essences today in regard to education, you would be labeled a conservative. Conservative educators would like children to be taught timeless values and virtues. Liberal educators would like children to be taught to see things from different perspectives and draw their own conclusions, conclusions that are not considered “true,” but to draw new conclusions again and again as they age and develop. On the surface it sounds like the ever-changing-different-perspectives model goes against Plato. So today, if you are an educator, the word “Plato” is a code word for “conservative.” Discovering this over and over in my reading, that Plato is a Conservative, truly surprised me. It shocks me. I need to figure this out!


In today’s world, your answer to the question, “Are you a liberal or a conservative,” defines who you are. It’s not a preference, it’s a defining characteristic. If you change your mind, you are considered a phony. Or terribly stupid. Anyone could as you your position on five issues and from your answers tell you who you are—why don’t you know who you are? What’s wrong with you?


I think the needing to know who you are, whether you are the L type or the C type of person, began after Plato. But not long after. Aristotle was a student at Plato’s Academy. Aristotle came up with his own philosophy, with some borrowing but much disagreement with Plato. Aristotle described there is a difference between Being and Becoming.


I think Aristotle turned Plato’s structure of essences into an ideology, so that Aristotle could promote his opposing ideology. (I could be wrong) Aristotle pegged Plato into the pigeonhole, “Being.” Aristotle sort of said his old teacher Plato stood for Being while reality is more of a “Becoming” process. Aristotle noticing the difference between Being and Becoming, made one view correct and the other view incorrect. He made them into ideologies or positions. From that day forward, now you’re either a Be-er or a Becom-er. Suddenly it was a competition between two kinds of people. Us and Them. The position that everything has a timeless essence, suddenly became a questionable view, held by a certain type of person, which in time became labeled a conservative person. A person like Aristotle who saw things as becoming, became in time labeled a liberal person. No longer may one person consider both perspectives, being and becoming. Now you have to pick sides. You are one or the other. Your friends and enemies are determined by your choice.


Now that Being and Becoming have been reframed into opposing sides in a three-millennia-long war, which side is correct? Does each human have a timeless, unchanging essence? Is this universe impregnated with a handful of timeless values? Experience does not seem to verify this. If anything, experience appears to show us the opposite. Our lives do not appear to converge upon any timeless characteristics that are uniquely “me.” Our life seem rather to diverge, than to converge. It appears we get to define ourselves. It appears our choices define us. It appears that life on this planet occurred through bloody battles of competition, “red in tooth and claw.” If there are any timeless values, why were those values not in place when the violent collisions between stars formed the heavy elements, when the dinosaurs were wiped out by an asteroid, when homo-sapiens performed genocide on the neanderthals? If this is a moral, ethical or virtuous universe, why do Machiavellian strategies continue to work? Why do the greedy get more and more and the virtuous die starving? No, this does not appear to be a universe where virtues are inherent in the very fabric of the cosmos. Plato was wrong, and Liberals are right. The struggle of life has no goal, aim or purpose, but progresses only by practicalities. If there is going to be any meaning or purpose to life, its going to be meaning and purpose that we (humans) decide to impose upon it. Through our choices and influences, we can gradually, with laws and governments, make life more and more meaningful, purposeful, if that’s what we all want, or at least more enjoyable. This appears to be the kind of universe we live in, by all evidence of the senses and understanding of natural history.


There are holdouts to the old view. However. Today those who believe each human has a timeless unchanging essence that a lifespan may converge upon, are mostly religious people. They believe this mostly because their religions tell them to, not because they are observing life with the open mind of a scientist. Religions often teach that each person has a soul, this soul was created by God in a particular unique configuration before the person was born, and the person’s life converges upon his soul’s predesigned characteristics as he lives a good religious life. Today, it is religion that teaches virtue is timeless. The reason virtue is timeless, to a religious person, is because God made the universe that way. The virtues are well-defined and remain today and in the future, the same as they were six thousand years ago when God made the universe. In the religious view, Plato is wrong because he did not assign the essences to the proper Creator.


But aside from religious people who believe this way because authorities tell them to believe this way, there are few people in today’s world who believe in timeless essences, based only upon observing the world and examining one’s life experiences. In the open-minded inquiry approach, Plato is wrong because we don’t feel like an essence, we don’t see essences, we don’t converge and we don’t see convergence. We see divergence. How could Plato have been so wrong, we wonder.


And so the problem of what (and how!) to teach the youth becomes a partisan battle between the religious who are conservative and the liberals who are anti-religious. If anything is timeless and everlasting, it seems to be this debate of how to teach the youth! In its current compartmentalization, this debate is unresolvable and its opponents will continue to fight each other forever.


But back to Plato. How could Plato have been so stupid as to say that people have a timeless essence, when anyone examining his or her own life can see that we become who we are by steering ourselves?! Life does not feel like my essence is leading me toward the things I become. Life feels like a big random experiment. I have made many choices experimentally, liked or disliked the outcomes, and steered myself. Because I want to have more of the outcomes i liked and less of the outcomes I disliked, I have become who I currently am by deliberately choosing ways that experience showed lead to the outcomes I liked. I am who I am because I prefer to be this kind of person — right now. My preferences change over time and so I will become different later. We create ourselves! We are not created by some other Being ouside us, nor by some indestructible thing inside us! I am in charge of my life! Not some blueprint inside me! Not some Large White Guy outside me! How horrible it would be to be created in advance! Ick! What was Plato thinking?


If anyone were to take Plato seriously again, the new Platonist would have to explain how a person’s experienced life would feel this way (it feels self-created, improvised one step at a time) while an inner essence exists. And species—are they also guided by an essence of each species? All observation says “No!” It certainly appears that species become what they are by random mutations, improvising around random problems and random environments, not converging on a predetermined state but ever wandering in new states that ever better match changing environments. A new Platonist would have to explain how species come to be what they are, how heavy elements come into existence from violent supernovae, how the four forces came to be, all from essences, when these things all appear so random, unplanned, divergent and improvised.




Oddly, we now say “faith-based” when we mean people who believe in Beings beyond our comprehension, capable of creating beings like ourselves, capable of creating virtues and of infusing virtues into this universe along with meaning and purpose. In Plato’s time, everyone believed in such Beings. You didn’t need “faith” to believe in Beings. In those times if you were to propose things happened randomly, random-believers would be the “faith-based” people. In those times, observation of the world, events, and one’s own life seemed to confirm meaning, purpose, intelligent design and Beings. The view of Beings was at that time the practical, pragmatic view and the view of random chance required “faith” in opposition to reason. How ironic that the terms “pragmatic” and “faith-based” can swap ideologies in a matter of two or three thousand years! Because now it’s pragmatic to believe in “Random” and now it requires faith to believe in “Beings Purposefully Creating.” What does this swap say about the human body of knowledge? Is past thinking faulty, and current knowledge converging on the more accurate truth that has always been there? If so, does that make you a Platonist (converging on Truth)? To remain a liberal, you would have to say today’s opinion that “everything is random, without inherent meaning” is only today’s opinion, and tomorrow’s “progressives” may progress a diverging view that refutes random purposelessness.


What I am observing from life, from evidence and from my own experiences is, that Random is no more pragmatic or rational than A Creator Being. Both positions are equally faith-based, and equally experiential. You may disagree of course. I am only sharing what my personal life experiences lead me to conclude, as you would grant me if you are a liberal.


My observations of my life experiences and evidence leads me to a position of scope-agnosticism. As a finite person with only so many billions of neurons, I am like a computer that has only a certain processor and a certain amount of RAM that can do cerrtain types of calculations but not others. My brain is simply not equipped to say, once and for all, what kind of universe this is. The universe is far larger than my brain. And I am only referring here to the finite universe assumed to be fifteen billion light-years in diameter. Even that is too large for me to know conclusiviely with my finite brain. Then to consider infinite things? God? Randomness operating upon an infinite set of infinite matter, infinite energy and infinite kinds of forces? Anything could happen! For me to think, from my position as a finite brain, I am capable of today determining which of these infinite choices is correct, is sheer hubris. How full of myself I would have to be (and have been many times) to believe I know how it all works!


I define scope-agnosticism as the claim that you and I are not capable of determining from here those things that are much larger or smaller than human individuals in size and scope. Scope-agnostics would be suspicious about theological claims, most cosmological claims, and claims about the very small such as quantum physics and about the infinitely small such as singularities that supposedly exist inside black holes and at the onset of the big bang. Scope-agnostics would be willing to engage in some debates that do not refer back to things outside our scope. For example, we all feel we humans have rights but what do our rights derive from? If our rights are “endowed by their creator,” “inalienable“ or even “Natural Rights deriving fom Nature’s God,” a scope-agnostic would have to say, “that doesn’t convince me. Do you have any derivations of human rights that are based upon planet-sized foundations, or smaller?”


My finite brain is capable of a few theorems in geometry but not all mathematics. My finite brain is capable of a few maxims for fairness in relationships, but don’t ask me where “rights” derive from! My finite brain is capable of a few maxims for living a life that I’ll be glad I lived, when I am elderly, sitting on the porch rocking chair, progressing into the beyond, looking back at my life–but the meaning of life (or lack of meaning) of All life at All times? How would a finite person like myself be in a position to say?


Still, I do love to ponder the bigger questions and stretch my finite brain, even if I have little certainty about the conclusions I may draw today. I do know that all the conclusions I drew in previous decades, I now consider juvenile, and so I assume the conclusions I draw today will seem juvenile to me ten years from now. Still, without pondering, how will I arrive at my future perspectives? I believe in progress! Is my progress towards something? Or is my progress away from something? Is my progress convergent or divergent? Ask me when I am sitting on the porch with one foot in the grave.


Here is what I think today (and I may grit my teeth in a decade when I re-read this position): There is being and there is becoming. It is silly to side with one over the other. This universe is neither a Being universe nor a Becoming universe but a universe that has both properties (and perhaps many more we have not yet considered). Being is poorly understood. Or perhaps it was better understood 2,400 years ago and that understanding has been covered with a blanket. It has gone subterranean.


Becoming is the current (in recent centuries) rage and all the talk. Water is not being. Hydrogen and Oxygen become Water, and Water becomes Hydrogen and Oxygen. Neither direction is absolute or inherent—you can make the two become the one, or you can make the one become the two—your choice. This fact makes it seem unlikely there is an essence of water. Our era believes water is nothing more than hydrogen and oxygen, which may combine into different things besides water. But the previous era believed water was being. The next era may be another Being era. We may go through cycles of Being and Becoming that have a wavelength of 2,400 years.


While it is not currently en vogue to say so, there is still an essence of water, timeless, that has nothing to do with the particles of matter that (in experienced time) make up the molecule. There is Being water, and there is Becoming water. Neither is truer than the other. Both. Becoming is an occurrence, a process, a do-ing, and being is an existence. (I oversimplify “existence.” Spinoza says essences may “be” even while they do not “exist.” Your essence continues to be, even during those times when you do not have a body and mind that exist in timed history, in located space. This is why those who believe in reincarnation claim Spinoza as a supporter to that model.) This is a universe that has both being and doing, and we are in an era that focuses more on doing.


Liberals are the people who focus attention predominantly upon the processes of doing, especially progressive change. That is a good thing to be aware of, to be able to focus attention upon. Unfortunately Liberals also deny the value of being, or deny being even exists.


Conservatives are the people who focus attention predominantly upon being, especially timeless values and virtues. This is a good thing to be able to focus upon. Unfortunately conservatives deny the value of becoming, or consider it a threat, evil or anti-virtuous.


Why can’t liberals and conservatives just agree they prefer to focus on progress, or virtues, without hating and denying the other way? I think the trouble is because we identify, we make liberal OR conservative our identity, rather than two skills we all possess. Liberal and conservative are not who a person is. These are considered to be ideologies of what the universe is made of, or how the universe operates. But that’s also not accurate. They are simply preferences of where one’s attention is predominantly focused. Habits of mind. While it is good to be good at one habit of mind or the other, it is excellent to have skill at both habits of mind and to use them both regularly.


In education, should we indoctrinate the youth to value the timeless values? Or should we provide them challenging experiences in which they learn to think for themselves and make their own progress?


The debate is not really as life-and-death as the debaters make it seem. The people with extreme views are raising their voices from insecure fear. When they feel more secure about their positions, they can be more tolerant of children being exposed to both liberal and conservative education in balance.


The fear that conservatives have is that allowing students open-minded inquiry will not lead them toward virtues. Because that has not been their personal experience. In their own youths, open minded inquiry led them away from virtues, not toward them! They fear to allow youth to think for themselves because they fear independent thinking will not converge upon virtue. This is unfortunate. A true conservative would have enough faith in conservatism, that they could afford to let sons go off and find their own ways, and be prodigal sons, returning in time to the true values. Conservatives should have faith that open, experimental experience in this universe will confirm the timeless values. There is no need to fear youth experimenting with alternative views, if you have faith that values and firtues are everpresent. Conservative fear comes from conservatives who are not conservative enough! They doubt their own position. If they believed their own position, they wouldn’t fear dialogue and experimenting with different views.


The same happens with liberals: fear derives from insecurity about the liberal agenda. The fear liberals have is that the virtues conservatives would list, are not always virtuous, useful or even safe. And this is a valid fear. “Loyalty to Authority,” for example, was considered a virtue in the early twentieth century. But as WWII showed us, youth indoctrinated to be loyal to leaders, blindly followed a bad leader who had a real chance at taking over the world. What a horrible world we would now live in, had that bad leader taken his loyal followers to their utmost agenda! Liberals have good reason to be concerned that the list of virtues is not yet perfect. Should “loyalty to authority” be indoctrinated into our youth, or not? Courage? Patriotism? Pride? Reverence? Transparency? Turning the other cheek? Since it is so difficult for people in our time to come to agreement of even one virtue that would make such a list, liberals unfortunately consider such listing to be horribly dangerous. Liberals have almost developed a superstitious fear, as if it is bad luck to even talk about the listing of virtues. However, a true liberal should have enough faith in the inherent progress of open-minded inquiry, to allow students to ask themselves, “do timeless virtues exist? And if they might, what virtues would make the list?”


What if each year, teachers asked students to make up their own list of virtues? At the end of the year students could evaluate their own lists, crossing off or keeping items or putting new ones on their list. Each year they could modify their lists, keep them or throw them away. Students would explain in their own words what they gained from this experience. Educators would not tell students what is good or bad, right or wrong to have on their lists, or even whether it is good or bad to have such lists, but only encourage the experimenting. No educators would tell students that having such lists, or not having them, is inherently good. Liberals would feel safe and confident that open-minded inquiry through experimentation, even regarding virtues, will of course lead to positive progress.


To scare youth away from a potential way of thinking, goes against liberal values. Liberals should have some faith in liberality, that allowing youth to experiment with their own virtue lists will lead to progress. In fact, if students after many years of making virtue lists, come to their own conclusion that there are no timeless virtues that can be listed, liberals will be happy they had the students go through this exercise.


I am glad we have liberal educators. I am glad we have conservative educators. Both may serve our children well. Both serve children poorly when they operate from fears, doubts about their own ideology. When both have secure confidence in their own ideology, they feel safe in allowing students to experiment with the other view. Because they “know” this universe will ultimately lead experimenting students toward the truer view.


It appears our culture is “a house divided.” There are many “issues” that we are divided over, but the issues come down to more basic and simple ideologies or ways of thinking. My current thought is that neither of the two essential ways of thinking is so true, that it excludes the other way of thinking from having any value or existence. Neither way of thinking is evil. There is positive value to both ways of thinking!


By considering the value of our opponents’ ways of thinking, we heal the divisions in ourselves, our countries, our species, and our planet. Perhaps this was part of the meaning of the three slogans, “love others as yourself,” “love your enemies,” and “love others as I have loved you.” Perhaps these slogans were intended to be ongoing exercises. This “love” is not something that I can feel complacent I already “do,” but I need to keep doing, onging. The exercise is to value others’ ways of thinking as fervently as I value my own, especially those views of my “opponents” as the heroes of old demonstrated.

Embracing Dark Energy
May 29, 2013, 10:47 am
Filed under: essence, Plato and Platonism, science

The following is an essay I wrote more than a decade ago and emailed to friends. I don’t know if my essay was an influence, but in 2007 Stephen Baxter wrote a Sci Fi story called Last Contact, in which expanding space caused the light of the sun to stop reaching the earth, and soon after the world ended. My essay has a much happier ending!

I opened this document a few days ago with the intention of rewriting it. I was surprised to find that much of what I wrote, still holds up after a decade plus. I only cut out a few parts where you see elipses (…).

by Patrick Moore c 2002
Discover magazine reported in September, 2002, that space is expanding much faster than physicists had ever guessed. What does this mean? Albert Einstein described the expansion of space to his son by showing him a balloon. Put two dots on the balloon at point A and point B. Imagine that an ant is walking across the balloon. The ant can surely walk from one point to the other. However, if you blow up the balloon at the same time, the distance the ant has to travel increases. If you blow fast enough, the ant will never reach point B. The same is happening with our universe. Light from sources more than fifteen billion light-years away will never reach us because the space is expanding too quickly. Expansion was first noticed many decades ago, but physicists believed that the gravity of the stars would eventually pull the universe back together, or at least match expansion. New observations of supernovae demonstrate that expansion is far greater than ever imagined, so the universe will continue dispersing. The implications of this fate are just beginning to be realized.

One of the discoverers in 1998, Brian Schmidt said that the future of the universe is bleak. He said that in 150 billion years, space will be so expanded that the only the light from our own Milky Way galaxy, and our nearest neighbor, Andromeda, will be close enough to reach here. The rest of the sky will be black. The article in Discover Magazine described the future as isolated, disturbing, cold, lonely, and void. The article is modified from a chapter in the book, God In The Equation by Corey S. Powell, 2002.

The news may be even worse than the science writers currently realize. Let’s face it: if space is expanding at an accelerating rate, then at some time after the starlight has disappeared, the light from our own sun will never reach the earth. When a person in the same room speaks to you, the sound from their voice will not reach your ears. Later, the sight of other people will not reach your eyes. Blood pumped from your heart will never reach your limbs, and thoughts from your brain will never reach across the synapses to the next neurons. Life as science has defined it will be completely suspended. Electrons will not be able to complete an orbit. Not only will each person be alienated from every other person, but each cell, each particle will be forever lost. It is like running for a boat that has just left port, when the gap is already too large to jump and the boat is accelerating away.

Also, findings in the last four years suggest that these changes may occur within 10 billion years, rather than Brian Schmidt’s estimate of 150 billion years. If this is true, our universe is already past half its life expectancy, and we weren’t even awake during most of the first half. We are having a mid-life crisis.

How will this discovery affect our world in the coming decade? Some may think, “I’ll grab what I can now because later it all drifts away.” Some may think, “Since everything that matters will fly apart, there is no reason to live.” I can imagine people justifying horrible behaviors with these thoughts. What if the news may yet benefit us? What if there is a way to bridge the widening gap? Awakening to time’s deadline may hurry us along in our human development. Permit me to explain.

The bleak consequences arise because we currently experience distance between each other: you are over there while I am here. We believe some sort of powered locomotion is necessary to bridge this distance: the muscle power of walking, the sound waves generated by the voice, the light waves of sight, reflected from a powered light source. And crossing the gap from me to you still does not insure that we can hold onto each other if space expands. You and I cannot occupy the same space at the same time, we believe. The fastest speed currently understood by scientists is 186,000 miles per second, the speed of light. Scientists can “prove” (by referring to “laws”) that instantaneous communication is impossible, instantaneous travel is even more impossible, and “being” here and there simultaneously is impossibly impossible. However, if there is a way to “be” both subject and object simultaneously, universal expansion would have no unpleasant consequences.

Science Fiction presents alternative views. Here are three. In The Shobie’s Story, by Ursula K. LeGuin, a group of people make the first “flight” of instantaneous travel across many light years. However, when the people arrived, they did not agree that they had arrived, and this conflict of perspectives influenced whether they really had arrived or not. In the SF novel, Dune, by Frank Herbert, space can be “folded” to travel large distances instantaneously, but a certain kind of navigator, who maintains a certain mental state, is necessary. In the teen novel, A Wrinkle In Time, by Madeline L’Engle, people are able to travel large distances by tessering which is to bring point A into immediate contact with point B, rather than traveling the distance between them. To tesser requires no technology, just a stretch of the imagination. There are many examples in SF of instantaneous transporter beams, which rely on technology, but I chose these three stories because they show how the human shift in perspective is a necessary ingredient to instantaneous travel. Relaxing certainty, beliefs of limits, expectations, and other attachments makes travel possible.

Religions and philosophies have been demonstrating the same message for thousands of years. The laws of surface tension are no longer legally binding when a human can walk on water. The laws of pathology are repealed when instantaneous healing takes place. Shamans can reportedly travel into the consciousness of animals, streams, mountains, and other creatures, influencing and being influenced by events at a distance, which the laws of physics prohibit. Tibetan Lamas have reported the human capability to inhale air pollution and exhale pure air, to stop fires, to read books in two rooms at once, to give their skin to a leper, as well as other feats that are proven impossible by science. American money says, “In God We Trust,” and when a war is imminent, the highest commanders pray publicly that divine principles support their perspective. The laws of science are obeyed during smooth sailing, but when a terrible threat appears, we look for deeper meaning, alternative means, and higher powers. Maybe the threat of universal isolation was created by a higher power, which cares enough to remind us to look for better solutions.

… none of the four forces can explain the new findings that space is expanding, and that the rate of expansion apparently changes. According to Powell, they are now looking for a fifth force that has a repulsive rather than attractive effect, to explain the increase in expansion. And what makes them think that five is the final number of forces? … What “laws” can apply to finding this number? Even if it could be discovered that five and no more forces exist, and the Theory Of Everything gained the ultimate predictive power, what good will it be when the light from the calculator never reaches the eye of the scientist? A T.O.E. seems to offer little hope in comparison to a capability of “being both here and there.”

… has inspired my own questions: How do they know it is space expanding, and not time shrinking (how could they tell the difference)? Why assume that space expanding is a force, and not the very fabric of space stretching, the thread count multiplying (people go forth and multiply, why can’t space)? What if space is experiencing personal growth (when your partner is growing quickly, it puts the pressure on you to catch up or dissolve the partnership)? What if space is growing beyond human ability to see, as a literal response to human short-sightedness…?

Whether you call it (Zen) unifying subject and object, embracing others as self, or universal presence, this leap of perspective is the solution to the problem of space expanding. … to gain this refinement of perception.

If the danger is transcended through a change in perspective, the quality of life becomes dramatically better than it was before the threat emerged. A blessing in disguise. It makes you wonder if space has a sort of consciousness, if there is a compassionate being, an intelligent sci-fi author at work in the cosmos.